Salmonidae family — The members of this fish family are characterized by a spindle-shaped body, covered with tiny, cycloid scales. There is an oily fin between the dorsal and tail fins. They live in cool, fast, well-aerated waters, in streams, rivers, and deep, clear lakes, as well as in seas. To learn more about bass and all the different types, we have a separate guide.
What Are Trout?
Trout is a common colloquial name for several species of cold-water fish from the Salmonidae family. The trout family includes several species — brown, rainbow, brook trout are the most popular ones.
Trout usually live in the upper reaches of rivers, high mountain lakes, and reservoirs, where water flows quickly and violently and is rich in oxygen.
As soon as the trout reach the middle stream of such water channels, it returns to the upper stream because the middle one is warmer. Lake trout maneuver between the water pool, which inhabits rivers and streams.
Water Quality and Temperature Are Important To Trout
Trout are very demanding in terms of water quality and temperature. This fish does not tolerate oxygen concentrations as low as 7-12 ml per liter of water, as well as temperatures above 5-10 degrees.
Trout can usually be found at an altitude of 2000 m, but also in the valleys. They can also be found in lowland rivers if the temperature and oxygen concentration are acceptable.
If you’re fishing in Texas, more details here.
Trout Come In Many Different Colors
The beauty of this fish is something special. What makes it even more beautiful is the variety of colors that change depending on the water in which they live. Experienced anglers even recognize the specific colors of trout from particular water because each has its peculiarities.
Fishing Tips For Beginner Trout Anglers
As a beginner, it would be helpful to take this adventure with an experienced trout fisherman, who would share their valuable experiences with you. Trout fishing is fascinating and requires anglers to do their best and to keep practicing.
There Are 2 Main Ways To Fish For Trout
It is hunted in two ways. The first way is with an artificial fly. Another way is to cheat, with small butterfly cheats. The trout, when hooked to a hook, struggles skillfully, swims lightly against the current, jumps out of the water and tends to go into a branch or some other shelter.
Care should be taken when drawing fish to shore. If it is not large, it should be brought to shore quickly, without torture. Fly-fishing is best between mid-April and July and late August-October. During the day it is best hunted in cloudy weather and after a mild summer rain.
Knowing The Water Levels and How To Fish Them Is Important
At low water levels, in daytime fishing, it is almost impossible to fish, which is an extra challenge for the fisherman. If the water is turbid, you should use bright wobblers. Proper presentation of cheats is also very important. Carefully approach the place where you think the larger trout are swimming. Upstream throws, parallel to the coast, are recommended. This is often a winning combination.
Hunting For Trout Can Be An Adventure
Narrow and shallow mountain streams inhabit smaller fish than those living in large rivers and lakes. Nevertheless, trout hunting on these beautiful watercourses is a great pleasure. Trout fishing on small mountain watercourses is a true adventure venture and a sort of culmination in recreational fishing, even though the chances of catching large fish are minimal.
Crystal clear water requires anglers to sneak in places, as cautious and timid trout instinctively respond to the slightest noise and sudden movements, fleeing immediately into the depths and shelter.
In addition to being in good physical condition, if you go hunting for mountain trout you need to be adept at believing on rocks and sifting through coastal thickets, but also persistent and patient when looking for good opportunities.
Trout Behavior Changes With The Seasons
With the onset of summer and rising water temperatures, trout become more mobile and aggressive, taking up positions in shallower places and faster water flow. Smaller specimens are then hunted all day in rapids above waterfalls. Large specimens live in deeper places and go hunting at dawn or dusk or in cloudy weather to larger rapids or toppings around larger obstacles, rocks or fallen trees.
Trout Fishing In The Rain
In hot summer days, afternoon showers are a magical moment for trout hunting on mountain streams and rivers.
Along with the change of weather, the onset of clouds, rain and showers, temperatures and air pressures also fall, which entails several other activities that affect the behavior of the fisheries and insects. This is well known to trout anglers who use artificial flies as well as cheaters.
Most Anglers Prefer Fishing In The Rain
When it rains, there are major micro-changes around the creeks and rivers. Many dried up streams come to life and the river flows carry plenty of food of interest to the fisheries.
Considering that usually visibility is reduced due to cloudiness, oxygen-rich water is fresher and in some cases murkier, and because of the enough of food, the fish have reduced their innate caution, it is the right time for successful fishing.
Learn How To Catch & Release
With the raising of ecological awareness of the urgent need to conserve natural resources, the concept of “catch and release” has evolved with sport fishermen. This movement aims to preserve the fish stock, above all the noble species, which, due to water pollution and overfishing, are the most endangered. It is not enough to just know how to catch and return a fish, you should be able to accept it and return it unharmed.
Own and Wear Proper Gear When Fishing
The fish has a very thin layer of mucus that is in their scales serves daily life as the first dam against disease attack and microorganisms. Holding the fish dry with your hands or placing the fish on dry ground, it removes some mucus and released the fish very in those places. Because of that, always wear gloves when unhooking. When lowering the fish to the ground first place a piece of nylon or some fabric that soak it with water beforehand.
Since you removed the hook and taking pictures as quickly as possible, the fish is resuscitated. As a rule, it’s best to put her back in the water where you caught her. Sometimes, in the fight (especially with the larger salmonid species) you have moved a long way from the place, so the fish should be returned to the nearest suitable place.
Know How To Handle The Fish
The fish should be held by its tail and its head turned downstream so that the water opens its gill lids. This way she will get the oxygen she needs to recover. To speed up this process and make it even more successful, the fish should be pulled back and forth slightly. When you pull it towards you, the water current will more open the gill lids, so more water will flow through the gills, and the fish will receive more oxygen.
These trout fishing tips for beginners will be a significant springboard and with further training, you will become successful in this area of sport fishing.