Trout Fishing 101: An Easy Guide

Salmonidae family — The members of this fish family are characterized by a spindle-shaped body, covered with tiny, cycloid scales. There is an oily fin between the dorsal and tail fins. They live in cool, fast, well-aerated waters, in streams, rivers, and deep, clear lakes, as well as in seas. To learn more about bass and all the different types, we have a separate guide.

What Are Trout?

Trout is a common colloquial name for several species of cold-water fish from the Salmonidae family. The trout family includes several species — brown, rainbow, brook trout are the most popular ones.

Trout usually live in the upper reaches of rivers, high mountain lakes, and reservoirs, where water flows quickly and violently and is rich in oxygen.

As soon as the trout reach the middle stream of such water channels, it returns to the upper stream because the middle one is warmer. Lake trout maneuver between the water pool, which inhabits rivers and streams.

Water Quality and Temperature Are Important To Trout

Trout are very demanding in terms of water quality and temperature. This fish does not tolerate oxygen concentrations as low as 7-12 ml per liter of water, as well as temperatures above 5-10 degrees.

Trout can usually be found at an altitude of 2000 m, but also in the valleys. They can also be found in lowland rivers if the temperature and oxygen concentration are acceptable.

If you’re fishing in Texas, more details here.

Trout Come In Many Different Colors

The beauty of this fish is something special. What makes it even more beautiful is the variety of colors that change depending on the water in which they live. Experienced anglers even recognize the specific colors of trout from particular water because each has its peculiarities.

Fishing Tips For Beginner Trout Anglers

As a beginner, it would be helpful to take this adventure with an experienced trout fisherman, who would share their valuable experiences with you. Trout fishing is fascinating and requires anglers to do their best and to keep practicing.

There Are 2 Main Ways To Fish For Trout

It is hunted in two ways. The first way is with an artificial fly. Another way is to cheat, with small butterfly cheats. The trout, when hooked to a hook, struggles skillfully, swims lightly against the current, jumps out of the water and tends to go into a branch or some other shelter.

Care should be taken when drawing fish to shore. If it is not large, it should be brought to shore quickly, without torture. Fly-fishing is best between mid-April and July and late August-October. During the day it is best hunted in cloudy weather and after a mild summer rain.

Knowing The Water Levels and How To Fish Them Is Important

At low water levels, in daytime fishing, it is almost impossible to fish, which is an extra challenge for the fisherman. If the water is turbid, you should use bright wobblers. Proper presentation of cheats is also very important. Carefully approach the place where you think the larger trout are swimming. Upstream throws, parallel to the coast, are recommended. This is often a winning combination.

Hunting For Trout Can Be An Adventure

Narrow and shallow mountain streams inhabit smaller fish than those living in large rivers and lakes. Nevertheless, trout hunting on these beautiful watercourses is a great pleasure. Trout fishing on small mountain watercourses is a true adventure venture and a sort of culmination in recreational fishing, even though the chances of catching large fish are minimal.

Crystal clear water requires anglers to sneak in places, as cautious and timid trout instinctively respond to the slightest noise and sudden movements, fleeing immediately into the depths and shelter.

In addition to being in good physical condition, if you go hunting for mountain trout you need to be adept at believing on rocks and sifting through coastal thickets, but also persistent and patient when looking for good opportunities.

Trout Behavior Changes With The Seasons

With the onset of summer and rising water temperatures, trout become more mobile and aggressive, taking up positions in shallower places and faster water flow. Smaller specimens are then hunted all day in rapids above waterfalls. Large specimens live in deeper places and go hunting at dawn or dusk or in cloudy weather to larger rapids or toppings around larger obstacles, rocks or fallen trees.

Trout Fishing In The Rain

In hot summer days, afternoon showers are a magical moment for trout hunting on mountain streams and rivers.

Along with the change of weather, the onset of clouds, rain and showers, temperatures and air pressures also fall, which entails several other activities that affect the behavior of the fisheries and insects. This is well known to trout anglers who use artificial flies as well as cheaters.

Most Anglers Prefer Fishing In The Rain

When it rains, there are major micro-changes around the creeks and rivers. Many dried up streams come to life and the river flows carry plenty of food of interest to the fisheries.

Considering that usually visibility is reduced due to cloudiness, oxygen-rich water is fresher and in some cases murkier, and because of the enough of food, the fish have reduced their innate caution, it is the right time for successful fishing.

Learn How To Catch & Release

With the raising of ecological awareness of the urgent need to conserve natural resources, the concept of “catch and release” has evolved with sport fishermen. This movement aims to preserve the fish stock, above all the noble species, which, due to water pollution and overfishing, are the most endangered. It is not enough to just know how to catch and return a fish, you should be able to accept it and return it unharmed.

Own and Wear Proper Gear When Fishing

The fish has a very thin layer of mucus that is in their scales serves daily life as the first dam against disease attack and microorganisms. Holding the fish dry with your hands or placing the fish on dry ground, it removes some mucus and released the fish very in those places. Because of that, always wear gloves when unhooking. When lowering the fish to the ground first place a piece of nylon or some fabric that soak it with water beforehand.

Since you removed the hook and taking pictures as quickly as possible, the fish is resuscitated. As a rule, it’s best to put her back in the water where you caught her. Sometimes, in the fight (especially with the larger salmonid species) you have moved a long way from the place, so the fish should be returned to the nearest suitable place.

Know How To Handle The Fish

The fish should be held by its tail and its head turned downstream so that the water opens its gill lids. This way she will get the oxygen she needs to recover. To speed up this process and make it even more successful, the fish should be pulled back and forth slightly. When you pull it towards you, the water current will more open the gill lids, so more water will flow through the gills, and the fish will receive more oxygen.

These trout fishing tips for beginners will be a significant springboard and with further training, you will become successful in this area of ​​sport fishing.

5 Helpful Fishing Tips For All Beginners

Even though some people love fishing with all of their heart, others would rather be somewhere close to the water just to enjoy the scenery or do something else as long as it’s not fishing. Come to think of it though. What makes people who are passionate about fishing hate it so much after the first try? is here to explore more 😉

Getting Past the Frustration & Keep Trying

Well, the answer is quite obvious; they did it wrong and had a very bad experience. But it doesn’t have to be that way because fishing is an exciting thing to do as long as you’ve got the right tips. Don’t believe it? Check out and use the following tips to enhance your next fishing experience.

Get the right equipment

There is no way you’re ever going to succeed in fishing if you keep using the wrong equipment for the job. You’ll only end up getting frustrated every time you cast the bait.

As such, be sure to get the right rod and reels especially if you’re new to fishing. Open-faced fishing reels, for example, are not suitable for beginners. If you’re not sure of what you should get, be sure to consult an experienced angler for advice.

Keep Your Tacklebox Stocked and Organized

One of the major mistakes that most inexperienced anglers do is not having a complete tackle box when heading out to the waters. Your tackle box should have all the necessary supplies in an organized manner.

The importance of doing do is that it becomes easy to access whatever you need. You’ll also note early enough when you’re out of items such as reels, fishing hooks, and others.

Get the Right Bait

The wrong bait could mean hours of casting bait without any positive results. As such, you should ensure that you have the right bait for the right catch.

You should be aware of the kind of fish you want to catch and the bait that attracts them. Bream fish, for example, prefer insects such as crickets, while catfish respond to raw chicken liver or special bait made for catfish.

Prevent Bait Theft

Bait theft is one of the most frustrating things for beginner anglers, as you keep on losing your bait to fish that never seem to get caught. But hey, here is a secret to turning the table on the bait thieves.

You can consider hooking the bait multiple times if possible, to make it harder for fish to pull it off the hook. If that’s not possible, move the bait closer to the hook’s shaft to increase the chances of getting a bite.

Using a smaller hook can also help, as some of the bait-stealing fish have small mouths which allow them to get the bait off larger hooks. Lastly, switching to a narrower, lighter line can help you feel the slightest tug on the line so that you can set the hook.

Avoid Using Stringers

After getting your catch, you have two options; keep and eat it later or let it go. Most anglers use stringers to keep fish alive so that they can release it after getting a larger catch. Some also prefer using stringers to keep the fish fresh for long if they are going to eat them.

If you’re interested in keeping your fish as fresh as possible before preparing a meal, you should avoid using stringers. Towing your catch around can attract predators, putting you at a higher risk of losing the fish you caught.

Using a stringer can also slow you down if you’re using a kayak. Rather than using stringers, you may want to get a good cooler to help you keep your catch fresh.


Fishing is exciting and rewarding as long as you do things right. Besides, it’s a good way of relaxing and can as such keep you healthier and happier, in addition to giving you the chance to see beautiful sceneries. The above fishing tips should come in handy if you’re new to fishing and would like to be successful in your new hobby.

What Country Fishes the Most

A lot of people around the world fish. In fact, fish is a major part of many people’s diet. Have you ever wondered which country fishes the most? If you have, then you have come to the right place. Today, is exploring the countries who catch the most fish.

Fishing in China

Hands down, the people of China fish the most. With a massive population, China is the world’s top consumer of fish. This impressive nation eats more than two million tons of fish each year! China has a huge fishing industry that is spread across the sea.

They also farm fish in China to make up for what they don’t catch in the ocean. China consumes many different species of fish. The commercial fishing industry in China is booming. However many citizens of China also enjoy the sport of fishing. While sportfishing is not as popular in China, it is catching on quickly.

Fishing in Myanmar 

The second country that fishes the most is Myanmar. This once war-torn nation is starting to rebuild. The fishing industry here is making a comeback, and many people in the country also like to fish for fun. The people of Myanmar consume on average 1,500,000 tons of fish each year. Just like China, people in this country like to eat many different types of fish.

The country is blessed with rich rivers and has a coastline. The waters of Myanmar are loaded with different fish species. This country is also a very popular destination for sport fishing.

Fishing charters can be arranged to give you access to the ocean. Here you will have the chance to catch Blue Marlin, Doggy Tuna, Yellow Fin Tuna, Sailfish, and many more!

Fishing in Vietnam

Vietnam is a beautiful country with a ton of fishing opportunities. This country consumes more than 1,100,000 tons of fish each year. Vietnam has a huge coastline, making it easy for residents to enjoy surf fishing. The commercial fishing industry is highly advanced in Vietnam, and they have many fleets of fishing vessels.

Sportfishing is growing in popularity in the nation, and many fishing guide companies are starting to popup. The mighty Mekong River flows through the country offering ample sport fishing opportunities.

Some of the popular fish caught in this river are catfish, carp, pike, trout, and many more. If you have never fished the Mekong River, you should really do so. This river is teeming with huge fish that are super fun to catch!

By the way, what could be more amazing than the thought of fishing in Hawaii? Make sure your tackle box is stacked with Plano or Special Mate options!

Final Thoughts

These are the top three countries that people fish the most. Each of these countries consumes fish on a daily bases. Commercial fishing in these Asian countries is very huge and the industry feeds millions of people across the region and the world.

Sportfishing is starting to become very popular in these nations. They have plenty of rivers and coastlines for sport fishermen to enjoy. So if you want to try something a little different, why not take a trip to one of these amazing Asian nations?

World Record Trout Holders

Here is a list of some of the common trout you may encounter on your fishing expeditions. When and if you catch that fish of a lifetime, this list will let you compare your wall hanger to the biggest of the big to ever be caught on rod and reel. Good luck on your next outing, trying to catch monsters like these.

By the way, for fun reading, check these articles out as well: basics of spin fishing, can koi fish be fished in the wild?, and how about bass fishing in Hawaii?

Brook Trout

Dr. John William Cook is the current record holder for Brook trout. The 6.57 kg, 78.74 cm (14.8 pound 31 inch) record trout was caught on the Nipigon River, Ontario in July of 1916. The fish was estimated to weigh more, however it was slightly decomposed due to spending 3 weeks in the wilds of Canada without refrigeration. Compare this with the average Brook Trout weighing 4.4 kg (9.7 lbs), this record will perhaps stand for some time to come.

Cutthroat Trout

The largest of the North American native species of trout is the cut throat. The world record for this species was caught in 1925 and weighed it at 18.59 kg (41 pounds) in Pyramid Lake, Nevada by John Skimmerhorn.

The state fish of Wyoming averages 10.43 kg (23 lbs), proving how this world record trout will likely stand for some time as well. A favorite among anglers, we’re seeing a shift in populations, making this record a very tough one to challenge.

Bull Trout

Nelson Higgins is the owner of the Bull Trout world record. Caught in 1949 this 14.59 kg (32 pound) monster was caught in Idaho in the waters of Lake Pend Oreille. With a common weight of 8.7 kg (19 lbs) the world record seems a ways off. It’ll take a special fish to compete with this juggernaut.

Rainbow Trout

Lake Diefenbaker, Saskatchewan, Canada is home to the world record Rainbow Trout. Perhaps the trout we’re all most familiar with, the 21.77 kg (48 lb) behemoth is a relative newcomer to the record books, being caught in 2009 by Sean Konrad. Common lake dwelling specimens are taken in the 9 kg (20 lb) weight classes commonly.

The river bound individuals are a common occurrence at 2.3 kg (5 lbs). To give yourself a chance at the record, you’re going to have to more than double the common lake dwelling Rainbow Trout.

Lake Trout

August 19, 1995 is when Lloyd Bull caught the current record Lake Trout. At 32.65 kg (72 pounds), Great Bear Lake in the Northwest Territories, Canada is where this giant spent it’s days patrolling the cold depth of this famous body of water. Commonly taken in the 40 lb class, catching a leviathan over the current world record seems to be a daunting undertaking left only to the most persistent of anglers.

Brown Trout

19.08 kg (42 pounds and 1 oz) is where the record for Brown Trout currently set. Another newcomer to the record book, the fish caught in New Zealand’s Ohahu Canal in 2013 by Otwin Kandolf gives this list a welcomed international flare.

Night Fishing Vs Day Fishing

While you can fish just about any time of the day, the best time to fish is completely up to the angler. There are a few different factors to consider when figuring out what time works best . Some believe that fishing at night is the best while others love to do their fishing during the day.

Today, we are going to learn more about this and find out which time might be right for you. Also, make sure what are illegal fish to catch first.

Day Time Fishing Facts

First, we will learn more about fishing during the day. Daytime fishing normally starts in the early morning hours. Also known as dusk, this is the time when most fish are feeding. This is the perfect time to catch nice sized bass and other predatory fish.

As the day wears on, some fish stop feeding and go to deeper levels. During the summer months, very hot days can have a negative effect on fishing. The water is much cooler the deeper it gets so you may have to use weights or be skilled enough to know where to cast your bait.

However, some fish are still active during this time and there are plenty to catch if you know what you’re doing. Daytime fishing is the most popular type of fishing because it’s easier and people love to be out in the sun. The only problem with this is the competition. Knowing where the fish are is the key to being successful. PS. Learn about ocean vs rainbow trouts here!

PROS – Day Time Fishing

  • You can see much better
  • Fish often feed in the early morning hours
  • Many artificial baits are designed for daytime use
  • Less traffic; easy access to the water
  • It is easier to fish during the day.

CONS – Day Time Fishing

  • The fishing area may be crowded
  • Fish are less active when the sun heats up the water temperature
  • Sunburn is a real issue when day fishNow let’s talk about night fishing.

Night Time Fishing Facts

Night fishing is extremely fun and can also be extremely dangerous if you do no know what you’re doing. During the nighttime hours, your competition on the water is very little. Depending on the location you choose to fish. There are some really great deep sea fishing tours that are available to take.

These tours take all the worry away by doing the work for you. You show up with your gear and they will get you to the right place to cast your bait. If you decide to night fish on your own always be cautious of your surroundings. Research the area in the day time so you can be aware of the land before heading out under the moon light.

PROS – Night Time Fishing

  • Not many people to compete with at night
  • The sun is down and the weather is much nicer
  • Many fish feed at night

CONS – Night Time Fishing

  • Less Fish Activity
  • You’re off regular functioning hours. You may get sleepy
  • Dangers due to less visibility

Which Is The Better Time?

So which is the better time to fish? The truth is, it is really up to you. Depending on the type of fish you are going after, night fishing might be your best option.

However, if you love to catch fish that are active during the day like bass, you might want to avoid going out at night. Either way, it is really up to your own personal needs. But I suggest that you try both just so you have the knowledge firsthand.

What Is The Best Bait To Use In The Morning?

Fishing is a fun sport that many people enjoy. You can go fishing just about anytime of the day, but mornings often produce more fish. The differences between the times of day comes down to fish. What kind of fish are you fishing for? Today on, we are going to learn more about that time of day and what baits work best.

Fishing In The Morning

You might be wondering, why mornings are so productive when it comes to fishing? The answer is really simple when you think about it. Just like us humans, fish like to eat early. The waters are usually calm, no one is around and it gives them the energy they need to make it through the day.

Knowing what kind of fish you are trying to catch is important to know. Certain fish are attracted to specific bait. Whether it be live or artificial it’s important to know these things beforehand.

The “prep game” is important to master when it comes to fishing. The more you prepare before your trip the smoother your fishing experience will go. The bait should be prepped and your tackle box should be full with all the necessaries.

For information on chattahoochee bass, click here.

There Are Several Types of Fishing Bait

While fish are very hungry in the mornings, it does not mean they will strike at anything. So you will need to know which bait is the best for this time of day.

Below is a list of baits that have been successful in the morning hours. Just because you have the correct bait will not mean you will catch fish. Knowing where to cast is also very important.

Using Live Bait

Live bait such as minnows or shrimp are always great for fishing during the start of the day. While they are also great during other times of the day, they really work well in the morning.

Even in low light conditions, fish can smell live bait from a great distance. Their natural movement sends vibrations in the water that fish are attracted to.

Knowing where to put your hook into the bait without killing it is clutch. There is a specific way to insert the hook into your bait that will keep it alive and swimming so that it can attract your catch. Follow “How to” videos online or ask a professional for some assistance before heading out.

Topwater Lures

One of the best fishing baits to use in the mornings are topwater lures. In the mornings, the sun’s exposure is at a minimum. Because of this, fish like to feed upward. This gives them an advantage over their prey by being able to strike from below.

A topwater lure is the perfect bait during these situations. There are many different brands of topwater lures on the market so it will be easy to find one that works for you. Bright colors seem to do better than dull colors during the mornings. So pick a topwater lure that is vibrant.


As we have stated above, you are dealing with low light conditions in the mornings. To combat this problem, you will need a bait that is bright and shiny. One of the best baits that fit both of these qualities is spinnerbaits.

These baits are highly attractive to fish that are in feeding mode. This makes them one of the best baits to use in the early morning hours. Make sure you know how to reel the artificial bait in so you can attract the fish to your line. This is a technique that can be perfected over time.

In Conclusion

Now that you know what type of bait to use in the morning, why not hit the water? During the morning hours, you will catch a lot of fish and have a blast doing so. Remember to have your gear and bait ready to go. The last thing you want to do is preparation work when you’re already on the water.

The Importance Of Water Temperature When Trout Fishing

A simple concept you should keep in mind is as water temperature rises, dissolved oxygen levels decrease. Therefore, as water temperatures drop, dissolved oxygen levels increase.

Based on the species you’re pursuing, these temperatures will effect fish behavior, sometimes dramatically.

Researching The Species You Are Fishing For Is Helpful

Where it gets a little more complex, is knowing your species. Some thrive in higher temperatures, some in lower. Know the temperature in which your quarry is most active.

You need to know where the “goldilocks zone” is for the species of trout you’re fishing for. This can and does vary with each species. We are talking about brown trout, but if you’ve ever wondered, are bass freshwater fish, find out here.

Brown Trout Are More Active In Lower Temperatures

The hardy species, such as brown seem to be most active at around 44 degrees F (7 degrees C) to 75 degrees F (24 degrees C). Much like the Brown Trout, Brook Trout seems to thrive at the same lower temperatures, however a temperature over 70 degrees F (21 degrees C) seems to stress the Brook Trout, more than the Brown Trout.

The Cutthroat Trout Do Not Like High Temperatures

The Cutthroat trout seems to be especially vulnerable. With active temperatures ranging from 39 degrees to 59 degrees F (4 degrees to 15 degrees C) they are more at home in colder, higher oxygenated waters.

We see these trout get stressed at around 60 degrees F (16 degrees C) and feed much less, making your fishing trip less enjoyable. Once the temperature of the water is around 69 degrees F (21 degrees C) the fish can actually suffer a thermal die off.

The Oxygen Content In The Water Play A Key Part

What makes a fish more active in a certain temperature range anyway? We’ve discussed oxygen content of the water. Basically, it’s easier for them to breath in lower temperature waters.

It’s very similar to elevation for us. We find ourselves stressed more in areas of higher elevation due to the lower oxygen levels. Higher temperatures in essence, leave fish gasping for air. These are not conditions in which trout are feeding or moving around.

Temperature Can Also Play A Role With The Prey Trout Seek

Temperature can also affect the prey trout seek. In any given area, the insects and bait fish trout prey upon are active during certain temperatures as well. Water temperature affects insect hatching and can give you an idea as to what fly or bait to use at your favorite location. Too high or low of a temperature, the prey species become dormant and active, making the trout react in a similar fashion.

Investing In A Stream Finder Will Help

Know your species and know how water temperature affects them. That is going to be one of the main keys in making your trout fishing excursion a successful one. I’d advise investing in a stream thermometer in order to keep better tabs on what the water temperature is. It may seem to be an insignificant aspect of fishing, because the fish have to eat, right?

Final Words

Maximize your opportunities and do some research on when the fish species you’re pursuing is most comfortable. If the water temp is outside of those ranges, don’t be afraid to seek different areas, holding optimum water temperatures for the trout you’re seeking. As Anglers, it’s all about adaptation.

The Best Stocked Trout Lakes In the U.S.

There’s been a bit of a conservation effort in the United States to replenish the stocks of native trout in our lakes and streams. Some may find fault with this, however, I see nothing but positive in this. If it’s trout you’re after, I think it’s best if we assemble a Mount Rushmore of stocked lakes you need to visit in order to truly appreciate what these people are doing for us as anglers.

Kinnikinick Lake, Arizona

Located within a short drive south of Flagstaff, AZ lies Kinnikinick Lake. This lake has been stocked routinely with brown and rainbow trout, providing a unique experience to the beginner and veteran angler. The fish here are eating insects, so plan accordingly.

They readily take smaller flies and spinners of various shape and color.. Both from shore, and from a boat, fishing has been successful here making it a great spot for anglers of all levels. By the way, we have also compiled a list of top trout fishing tournaments in the US right here.

Heenan Lake, California

Located east of Sacramento, next to the California and Nevada border, lies the next lake on the list. Heenan Lake, California. A highly regulated lake due to its status as a heritage lake, you must practice catch and release, use artificial baits and barbless hooks at this lake.

But to get a chance of catching an 18’ plus Cutthroat Trout, which is routine here, makes this a definite stop on my trip. The Cutthroat Trout is a bit elusive for many. Seize your chance with this lake with this species.

Wall Lake, WY

This lake is making the list because of the golden trout. An elusive species, it’s high on many anglers list. Wall Lake is a body of water that isn’t exactly the most accessible for everyone. I would make a good pair of shoes a priority when venturing here due to the remoteness and long walks. A walk well worth it to most anglers. We’re in pursuit of the Golden Trout.

It’s worth it. And to top it off, being so inaccessible has its bright side. Wall Lake doesn’t have much recreational pressure put on it, allowing it to be a haven for trout and a bit of a quiet break for anglers.

Trout Lake, MN

As we ponder lakes where we can reliably fish for various species of trout, few anglers pay attention to Minnesota. The aptly named Trout Lake in far northeastern MN is a place all trout anglers must venture. Recent populations of Lake Trout have been stocked here in recent years. With limited permits granted, this is a trip you want to plan ahead for as you are entering the boundary waters where there are some regulations to heed.

However, if you’re looking for a chance at a Lake Trout, this might be the hidden gem you’re seeking. Very little pressure is put on these trout, making the fishing excellent. And with the large area you’re permitted to fish, rest assured it won’t be hard finding your little corner of solitude many of us seek while trout fishing.

Do You Need A Permit For Spearfishing?

Are you interested in spearfishing? Maybe you have seen people spearfishing and are ready to give it a try yourself? Spearfishing is a super fun sport that just about everyone can enjoy.

Today we are going to learn more about the sport, and what you need to get started. You can also find out if net fishing is legal in California here.

What Is Spearfishing?

Spearfishing is a fun underwater sport that has been around for many years. The sport takes place in the ocean and it is growing in popularity. During most spearfishing adventures divers will search the ocean bottom for their favorite fish.

Using a spear gun, they will slowly creep up on fish and take them silently. Spearfishing is a heart-pounding sport that will keep you on your toes. It can be dangerous so make sure you know how to operate the speargun before heading into the ocean.

Do You Need A Fishing License?

The short answer is yes you need a fishing license to spearfish. Each state has different rules and regulations. You will not only have to have a license but you will have to follow all rules set by the state. In most states, a spearfishing license will cost around $40.

Keep in mind that it is illegal to spearfish without a proper license from the state you are planning to fish in. Serious fines can be levied against you if you don’t follow the rules.

What Are The Best States For Spearfishing?

Not every state has good spearfishing. As we mentioned, spearfishing is mostly an ocean sport. States that border the ocean are of course the best places to spearfish.

One of the most popular states to spearfish is Florida. With its wide variety of fish species, Florida is truly the capital of spearfishing in the United States. California is also a great state for spearfishing. Here you will find many different types of fish.

Keep in mind that each of these states has different rules and guidelines when it comes to spearfishing. Last but not least you should check out spearfishing in Hawaii.

This tropical paradise is one of the best places in the world for spearfishing. If you are lucky enough to go fishing in Hawaii, it will be an adventure of a lifetime!

What About The Rest of The World?

As you may have guessed, spearfishing is popular around the world. While the US has its fair share of spearfishing locations, there are many others. One of the best international locations for spearfishing is Mexico.

The warm waters of the gulf is the perfect location for spearfishing. People come from around the world just to fish these waters. Another location that people love to visit is the Bahamas. This beautiful location has loads of fish species that are just waiting to get caught. So if you are the adventurous type, you may want to check out one of these world locations.

In Conclusion

As you can see spearfishing is a wonderful sport that many people love! But remember you need a proper license to enjoy it. Once you have the right documentation and equipment, you should hit the water as soon as possible. This is one type of fishing that you will truly fall in love with!


The Life Cycle of Brown Trout

Brown Trout are considered to be valuable fish brought into North America. It goes by various names like the “German” brown, a reference to the dominant brood stock propagated in North America. The name trutta is Latin for trout.

Brown Trout Have A Higher Tolerance For Warmer Waters

Brown trout have higher tolerance for warmer waters than either brook or rainbow trout. They are members of the Atlantic trout and salmon subgroup of the salmon family (Salmonidae) which also includes the Sevan trout, Ohrid trout, Adriatic trout, flathead trout and Atlantic salmon.

By the way, if you want to check out trout fishing tournaments in the US, we have a list right here.

The Egg Is the First Stage

The first stage of a brown trouts lifestyle, starts off like most other living things. The egg. Often referred to as the “eyed ova” stage, the eggs begin to change into the form we’re most familiar with. Water temperature plays a role in how fast the eggs will develop. Water temperatures around 46 degrees F (7.8 degrees C) will develop in around 60 days. Cooler water, around 40 degrees F (4.7 degrees) will take a bit longer, often taking up to 90 days to hatch.

Hatch rate can vary depending on water and gravel conditions, with most experts putting the survival rate at 5% or less in less than ideal water conditions. However, with ideal water and gravel conditions, survival rates of 80% are not unheard of.

The Second Stage is Alevin

The second stage in a trouts life cycle is alevin. Perhaps the most unfamiliar stage to most, this is the stage in which they’re most vulnerable to predators. We see the highest mortality rate at this stage due to the vast amount of predators willing to make them prey.

Living in gravel and feeding off a yolk sac attached to their body, the yolk will last for a couple weeks. This stage is also influenced greatly by water temperature, which affects their development rate.T

Fry, the Third Stage

At this stage, the yolk sac has been consumed and they’re more recognizable as trout at this stage. They begin to feed on small larvae and insects they happen upon in their home waters. Still a vulnerable stage, with high mortality rates, this stage requires a lot of energy and a lot of food proportioned to body size, which is only a few inches.

Territorial activity becomes observable here as well. They have a need to stay out of sight from both predator and other fry requiring an area with cover and water that isn’t flowing too fast.

Parr Stage Has a High Mortality Rate

When a trout is less than a year old, we refer to them as a Parr. Distinct markings, called par marks on their side, make this stage identifiable. With requirements similar to Fry, they are able to cope with faster moving water.

They are still vulnerable to predation, so mortality is still rather high. They also begin to explore a bit more at this stage, often dissipating downstream with the flow of the water, rather than fight it up stream.

The Last Stage Is Adult

And here we have it. Our Brown Trout, is now a Brown Trout. They’re territorial at this stage, and protect their area, referred to as a lie. They’ll adopt an area that can serve as a buffet, and often face upstream and consume what the water provides.

An efficient conveyor belt system allows them to maintain their lie and at the same time, expending very little energy. They’ll often have a resting lie area they call their own. Often found under a rock, a submerged log, a cut bank or any other structure that shields them from predation is where these resting lies are found.