Lifecycle of DragonFlies and Why Fish Love Eating Them

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Dragonflies are large predatory insects mostly found in watery areas. They are characterized by two large compound eyes that cover most of their heads, long membranous wings, short antennae and long, slender bodies.

Although a dragonfly is similar to a damselfly, they have different kinds of wings and are larger. Also, the eyes of the dragonfly are together on top of their head, whereas the damselfly’s eyes are on the sides of their heads.

eyes of the dragonfly


eyes on the side of the head


Adult dragonflies have metallic or iridescent colors, which are produced by structural coloration, a feature that makes them very conspicuous during flights. Generally, their overall coloration involves a combination of red, yellow, black and brown pigments, with other structural colors.

A freshly emerged adult dragonfly, the teneral, is usually pale colored, but gets the typical colors within a few days. Their wings are mostly clear with dark visible veins. To escape predators, the nymphs are usually a blend of grey, green and dull brown.

young dragonfly


nymph stage of dragonfly


In terms of habitat, dragonflies are mostly found in slow moving fresh water such as streams and ponds, but can also be found in shallow waters like swamps. Although they stay near water bodies, adult dragonflies occasionally fly away to hunt for food.

The process of reproduction is complex for these insects. They are among the few groups of insects that have an indirect sperm transfer system as well as sperm storage, sperm competition and delayed fertilization.

Many dragonflies, especially the males, are territorial, forming territories against other species as well as their own. This provides a suitable habitat for females to lay their eggs in and for larvae to develop. Females lay their eggs mostly in/near water bodies and on floating plants.

The eggs hatch into nymphs, a stage in which most of the dragonfly’s life is spent. This stage may last up to five years, but in smaller species, it may last between two months and three years.

They are hemimetabolous insects, which means that they undergo an incomplete metamorphosis, never having a pupal stage. An adult dragonfly simply emerges from the nymph and goes on to live an average lifespan of up to 6 years.

dragonflies from birth

Hemimetabolous Insect Cycle

Being predators, dragonflies are the most efficient and effective hunters, whether in aquatic larva or terrestrial adult stage. The nymphs eat mosquito larvae, aquatic insects, worms, small aquatic vertebrates (like tadpoles) and small fish.

Adult dragonflies aren’t picky eaters and will feed on any live insect they can catch. Mosquitoes and midges form the bulk of their diet, but they also prey on flies, butterflies, bees, moths, beetles, ants, and termites.

Types Of Fish That Eat Dragonflies

Although they are predators of tiny fish, dragonflies are also insects of prey to bigger fish such as trout, arowana (which is found in fresh waters that dragonflies love), gold fish, flower horn, oscar fish, crayfish and others.

Other Things That Feed On Dragonflies

Mature and juvenile dragonflies have multiple sets of predators. While in an aquatic larval stage, their primary predators are amphibians such as newts and toads, ducks and damselflies. When a nymph senses a predator danger, it pretends to be dead or swim away quickly.

lizard's meal

Adult dragonflies have a huge assortment of other animals that feed on them. They include reptiles, arthropods, and tiny mammals like frogs, water shrews and fellow insects. Birds and bees also occasionally feed on them.

Plants sometimes eat dragonflies. Sundew, a meat eating plant eats invertebrates like dragonfly for nitrogen nutrients. Many dragon flies change their skins to complement the environment they are in, a mechanism used to help them stay away from the predator radar.

Most Popular Types Of Dragonfly Fishing Lures

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Best DragonFly Lures!

Floating Dragonfly Popper Fishing Bait$
Dragonfly by River2Sea Pop 70$$
Dragonfly II Fishing Gear Fish Lure$
Rebel Bumble Bug Lure$
Flyafish Dragonfly Larvae Wet Fly Lure$$

One of the flying insects that populates our rivers and ponds is the dragonfly. It emerges during the summer days when the water is low. The insect likes to fly around water lillies and weeds. It is also a delicacy among specific types of fish. They wait for it to fly close to the surface of the water and then bite it in one swift motion.

fish eating dragonfly

What Is A DragonFly Lure?

Due to the attraction of fish to this insect, fishermen have come up with the ingenious idea of creating lures that look like dragonflies called dragonfly lures or dragonfly fishing lures. They are simply bait that looks exactly like a dragonfly, down to the finest detail, tricking the fish into biting them. Here is more about dragonfly fishing lures:

The Different Types Of Dragonfly Lures

6 different dragonfly lures

Just as there are different species of dragonflies, there are also unique types of dragonfly lures. Examples of these include the damselfly, saltwater dragonfly, dragonfly nymph and dragon king lures.

These unique types of lures are designed to catch specfic types of fish that enjoy each dragon species. Hence, if you are going fishing with dragonfly lures, it is important to know which type of dragonfly that your target fish species enjoys.

Which Fish Prefer Dragonfly Lures?

There are many species of fish today, some being saltwater and others freshwater. Out of these, there are certain types that enjoy eating dragonflies. Examples of such fish are panfish, bass, salmon, trout, crappies, catfish and bluegills. Hence, when they see a dragonfly lure jigging upon the surface of the water, they will bite it and end up on your line.

dragonfly being caught by fish!

Brands Of Dragonfly Lures

To satisfy the demand of dragonfly lures by modern anglers, there are various brands who produce them. Examples of these are MNFT, LIFEFLY, DRAGONPING and MAXWAY FISHING. Another company that is well known for producing dragonfly lures is Rosewood Fishing Tackle Co. Ltd.

They produce a brand of dragonfly lures that is known as ROSEWOOD. These brands are well marketed in fishing magazines, angling conventions and angling competitions. The products are often affordably priced and sold in sets of 12 to 50 lures, available in various designs, shapes and styles.

dragonfly lures

The Kinds Of DragonFly Fishing Lures You Can Get Today!

One of the most common types of dragonfly lures today are jigs. They are highly versatile and can catch various types of fish. Jigs are made up of a lead head that is weighted, are quite colorful and can be decorated with hair or feathers.

Another type of dragonfly lure is the soft plastic bait, which is essentially a soft plastic dragonfly with a hook attached to one end. By having realistic decorations, they resemble real dragonflies and encourage fish to bite them. Soft plastic dragonfly lures are ideal for catching bass fish.

dragonfly lure

DragonFly Fishing Lure Conclusion

Dragonflies are commonly found around water bodies during the summer. Thus, they are bound to be popular food for fish that enjoy warm water. The dragonfly lure make it possible to catch fish easily. All you need to know about them is described above. Take along some dragonfly fishing lures on your next expedition!